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terms: samādhi, samāhita, samādahaṃ


Dmytro wrote:Hi Frank,

frank k wrote:slightly off topic: is samāhita (saŋ+ādahati1) derived from the same word as samādhi [fr. saŋ+ā+dhā]? Also, is the samādahaṃ cittaṃ of anapana 16 steps derived from samādhi? How would I go about finding out the answer myself when I suspect words are related? I've been reading DPR's PED dictionary entries carefully and conjugation tables to no avail for these 3 words.


Well, the dictionary gives some pointers. 

Samāhita [pp. of samādahati] ...

http://dsalsrv02.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/p ... :3435.pali

Samādahati [saŋ+ādahati1] to put together S i.169. jotiŋ s. to kindle a fire Vin iv.115; cittaŋ s. to compose the mind, concentrate M i.116; pres. samādheti Th 2, 50; pr. part. samādahaŋ S v.312; ppr. med. samādahāna S i.169; aor 3rd pl. samādahaŋsu D ii.254. Pass. samādhiyati to be stayed, composed D i.73; M i.37; Miln 289; Caus. II. samādahāpeti Vin iv.115. -- pp. samāhita.

http://dsalsrv02.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/p ... :3391.pali

The connection is evident from the Pali texts themselves:

Sabbe sattā averino hontu khemino hontu, sukhino hontutī cittaṃ samādahati, samādhindriyaparibhāvitā hoti mettācetovimutti. 

(Patisambhidamagga)

‘‘Kathañcānanda, bhikkhu ajjhattameva cittaṃ saṇṭhapeti sannisādeti ekodiṃ karoti samādahati? Idhānanda, bhikkhu vivicceva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi…pe… paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati…

(Mahāsuññatasutta)

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